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3 Reasons Your Calves Aren’t Growing

Here’s what you need to know…

  1. Contrary to some naysayers, your calves have significant growth potential and should be able to grow as big as your arms or your neck by training them in line with their functional anatomy.
  2. The first step to bigger calves is prioritizing them by working them first.
  3. Incorporate calf jumps to stimulate the calves with a heavy compound lift that has a natural movement pattern.

Here are 3 reasons your calves don’t quite get mistaken for your quads.

1 – Genetics

Many people argue that calf size is almost completely genetically determined. There’s some truth to this. The soleus muscle of the calves has a muscle fiber composition that can be up to 90% slow-twitch dominant, and slow twitch muscle fibers have roughly half the growth potential of fast twitch fibers. In line with this, the soleus has only 42% of the capacity of the vastus lateralis in the quads to synthesize muscle protein after training.

There’s another reason that the calves, especially the soleus, are relatively unresponsive to weight training. The calves keep your body upright when you’re standing or walking. That means they’re active throughout the entire day. As a result, the calves are already further developed than any other muscle in “untrained” individuals. Note that this isn’t a genetic limit – it’s an environmental effect.

Aside from their fiber type composition, there’s nothing inherent that prevents the calves from growing. There’s no genetic voodoo curse cast over your calves to keep them puny for life. However, both training status and muscle architecture should be taken into account in your training program design. The calves require a high volume and a high frequency of high reps, especially the soleus. The gastrocnemius requires more moderate training parameters.

To give you an idea of the effect of volume on calf development, highly trained runners in one study had 20% larger muscle fibers (type I and IIa) than recreationally trained runners. This may not sound impressive until you consider that the recreational runners in this study were already running up to 15 miles (25 km) and training up to 4 times a week, while the highly trained runners were averaging 59 miles (95 km) a week. That means even in individuals training a muscle 4 times a week, simply doing more of the same can increase your calves by over 20%. More importantly, running is generally terrible for muscle development, which makes the results all the more impressive.

When trained properly, your calves should be able to grow about as large as your neck or your upper arms. This is the case for almost all elite male drug-free bodybuilders. In women, the calves actually have a somewhat higher growth potential than the upper arms. Only if your ankles are small compared to your wrist do you have a legitimate reason to have calves that are much smaller than your arms and neck.

By small, I mean that your ankles are significantly smaller than 125% of your wrists as a man, or 120% of your wrists as a woman. (These are also almost exactly the measurements corresponding to the classical Graecian ideal and various other templates of a perfect physique.) So no more excuses. Your calves aren’t small because of genetics. Your calves are small because of problems in the following two areas.

2 – Priority

Lots of lifters have arm days, shoulder days, and chest days. But how many people do you know who dedicate a day to calves? Similarly, do you ever train your calves first during any session?

Exercise order greatly affects both the immediate effect of the exercises as well as the long-term effects. A group of Brazilian researchers compared two upper-body training programs that differed only in the order of the exercise. In one program, the bench press was performed before the triceps extension while in the other, the triceps extension was performed before the bench press.

The following graph shows the effects of the two programs on maximal strength and muscle size. The values are effect sizes, which are a standardized measure of progress used in statistics to account for mitigating factors like the duration of the program and inter-individual variability. As you can see, the exercise you perform first is the exercise that progresses most and determines where you gain the most muscle.

Just after your warm-up, your nervous system is still fresh and metabolic waste has yet to accumulate in your blood. Your body is in a perfect state to adapt to anything you throw at it. As rigorous training commences, lactic acid production causes acidosis in your blood as a byproduct of not having enough oxygen to fuel energy demands.

The breakdown of muscle protein floods your blood with ammonia to levels actually exceeding those of liver disease patients, actually causing some degree of brain toxicity and various neurological disturbances. Muscle fibers and their connective tissue tear and become inflamed from the tension of contracting against maximal resistance.

That’s the condition your body is in when most people decide to train calves as an afterthought after a heavy leg day. Want your calves to grow? Start by giving them the attention you give your mirror muscles.

3 – Exercise Selection

Every muscle group has a primary exercise, one that allows you to lift a heavy weight and stimulate the muscle in a natural movement pattern. The pecs have the bench press and the quads have the squat, but what do the calves have?

To find the best calf exercise, I asked several bodybuilders, fellow personal trainers, and professors what their favorite calf exercise was. None of their choices met my stringent seven principles of exercise selection (compound movement, long range of motion, directness of stress, microloadability, etc.), but standing calf raises came closest.

The problem with calf raises, however, is that the ankle, specifically the talocrural joint, is a hinge joint. The ankle can only cause movement in a rotary fashion, just like the elbow. Yet calf raises are a straight up-and-down motion. This is why good calf raise machines have a shoulder or footpad with a hinge instead of a slider.

However, even if you do have access to a calf raise machine like that, calf raises still aren’t optimal. The design of the machine will never perfectly fit your anthropometry. It’s designed with the average foot length and body height in mind. Know the feeling of regular jeans feeling like skinny jeans on your legs while still being incredibly baggy around your waist? That’s the same reason you need a custom tailored exercise for the calves.

Furthermore, the length-tension relationship of the calves and the Achilles tendon makes the calves strongest when they’re stretched or in the partial range of motion used during walking. When you combine this fact with an imperfect hinge mechanic, it results in calf raises having a sticking point in the top portion of the movement. That’s why calf raises often feel somewhat off.

The solution? Calf jumps. Calf jumps start and end in the same position as regular standing calf raises. However, instead of performing a strict calf raise, you jump to the top position. Thinking of jumping will automatically cause your knees to move forward followed by the natural extension pattern of a jump. As a result, calf jumps have an excellent resistance curve.

Note that your feet and your shoulders should never leave contact with the machine. If you feel this happening, you’re using far too little weight. This is a true strength exercise. You should be able to use more weight than you can squat. Your core will be heavily taxed and you should warm up properly before doing these.

You’re now armed with one less excuse for puny calves, one more exercise for developing monstrous calves, and all the scientific knowledge you need to optimize your calf training program. Go put it to use.

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What is Trenabol?

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Trenabol(trenbolone enanthate) is an injectable form of the strong anabolic steroid trenbolone. Given the use of an enanthate ester, this drug will exhibit virtually identical pharmacokinetics to testosterone enanthate, providing a peak release of its steroid within the first several days after injection, followed by declining levels for approximately 2 weeks. The base steroid here (trenbolone) is a derivative of nandrolone, and exhibits strong anabolic and androgenic properties. On a milligram for milligram basis it is considerably more potent than testosterone as both an anabolic and androgenic agent, though it does carry a more favorable balance (toward anabolism). Trenbolone is also unable to convert to estrogen, however it does exhibit notable progestational activity, which may mimic estrogenic side effects given the right physiological conditions. Trenbolone enanthate is virtually interchangeable with Parabolan (trenbolone hexahydrobenzylcarbonate), capable of promoting strong gains in lean muscle mass, often with an accompanying increase in relative hardness and definition.

Administration (Men):
 Trenbolone enanthate was never approved for use in humans. Prescribing guidelines are unavailable. Common doses for physique- and performance-enhancing purposes fall in the range of 150-300 mg per week, which is usually taken for 6-10 consecutive weeks. This level is sufficient to produce considerable increases in lean muscle mass and strength, which are usually combined with notable fat loss and increased muscle definition. As with all trenbolone injectables, this product is fairly versatile, and can be combined with many other agents depending on the desired results.

Anabolics, W.Llewellyn

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How Long Do Steroids Stay In Your System?

How Long Do Steroids Stay In Your System?

So you need to take a steroid test? For many jobs, pre-screening for drug use is a pre-requisite for employment. While many standard blood or urine panels only aim to detect common illegal street drugs, more complex tests do detect anabolic steroids. Likewise, if you are a muscular person, and your boss chooses to have you tested specifically for steroids, the panel will pick up anabolic agents. Let’s take a look at just how long it takes for steroids to leave the system, and not show up on tests.

More than one year

Deca-Durabolin, Norandren, Dynabolan, Anabolicum, Turanabol Depot, Durabolin, Anabolin, Fenobolin, and Turinabol all remain in the system for 12 to 18 months. If you take any of these compounds, be aware that you will likely be unable to pass a steroid test for 12 to 18 months. Since it’s very often hard to predict what field we’ll be in over a year from now, these substances should be avoided.

5–12 months

D-Bol, Dianabol, Equipoise, Equigan, Ganabol, Finaject, Finjet, and Finaplix are compounds, which can show up on drug screenings up to a year after they are taken. Some will wash out of the system within 5 months, but they may remain for up to one year.

2–4 months

Testosterone Cypionate, Primoteston Depot, Sten, Sostenon, Durateston, Anadrol, Anapolin, Hemogenin, Stenox, Halotesten, and Winstrol are drugs, which can show up on a blood or urine screen within one to four months of use. These are acceptable for off-season use by many athletes who are not tested during this period, as they are often out of the system by the time the season starts.

2 to 6 weeks

Nilevar, Parabolan, Dianabol (oral), D-Bol (oral), Primobolan Depot, Anavar, Winstrol/Stanozolol (oral), and testosterone Propionate are compounds, which work fast and move through the system very quickly. Just as their half-life is short, the positive anabolic effects upon their body are done quickly as well.

Less than one week

Clenbuterol and Testosterone Undecanoate (Andriol) clear the system in one day or less. These compounds are ideal to use up to the week before a tested bodybuilding or powerlifting show. Additionally, Testosterone Suspension clears the system in three days.

If you are concerned about passing a drug test, you may want to reconsider if the job or competition you are entering is a correct match for you, as it’s obvious that repeated long-term planning will certainly limit your drug use and therefore gains. However, if you find yourself in a position where testing is inevitable, use the guidelines above to make sure you come up clear!


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What is Parabolan?

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Trenbolone hexahydrobenzylcarbonate(Parabolan) is a slow-acting injectable ester of the potent anabolic steroid trenbolone. Trenbolone appears most commonly as trenbolone acetate, which is a much faster-acting form of the drug. The hexahydrobenzylcarbonate ester used here extends the release of trenbolone for more than 2 weeks, which has always been thought of as more suitable for human use due to the less frequent injection schedule. The base steroid trenbolone is roughly three times more androgenic than testosterone, making it a fairly potent androgen. It also displays about 3 times greater tissue-building activity in comparison to its androgenic properties, making its official classification as that of an anabolic steroid. The muscle-building effect of trenbolone is often compared to such popular bulking agents as testosterone or Dianabol, but without the same estrogen related side effects. It is most commonly identified as a lean-mass-building drug, and is extremely popular with athletes for its ability to promote the rapid buildup of strength, muscle size, and definition.

Administration (Men):
For physique- or performance-enhancing purposes, trenbolone hexahydrobenzylcarbonate is most often administered at a dosage of 152-220 mg per week. The drug would be taken in cycles ranging from 6 to 12 weeks. Although a weekly administration schedule would be more than sufficient, athletes usually injected a single ampule (76mg) at a time, and the total amount would be spread evenly throughout the week. Although not necessary, this type of schedule helps to reduce injection volume per application. The results with the use of trenbolone hexahydrobenzylcarbonate should be a visibly more muscular physique (larger, leaner), and, if body fat levels are low enough, that hard ripped look most valued by dieting and competitive bodybuilders.
 While this drug is quite potent when used alone, it is sometimes combined with other steroids for an even greater effect. Leading up to a show one could successfully add a non-aromatizing anabolic such as Winstrol® or Primobolan®. Such combinations will elicit a greater level of density and hardness to the build, often proving dramatic for a stage appearance. We could also look for bulk with this drug, and addition stronger compounds like Dianabol or Testosterone. While the mass gain would be quite formidable with such a stack, some level of water retention would probably also accompany it. Moderately effective anabolics such Deca-Durabolin® or Equipoise® would be somewhat of a halfway point, providing extra strength and mass but without the same level of water bloat we see with more readily aromatized steroids.

W.Llewellyn, Anabolics

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Testosterone Cypionate & Testosterone Propionate

testo p Testo C

Cypionate and propionate are both forms of testosterone used in hormone therapy in males who do not produce enough testosterone naturally. The benefits and possible side effects from using these substances are the same; however, there are a number of differences between the two types of testosterone.

The speed at which the body is able to begin utilizing the testosterone is one consideration in whether cypionate or propionate are utilized. Propionate is the faster-reacting ester, which is the chemical makeup of the testosterone, of the two steriods. Cypionate reacts more slowly within the body before the benefits of taking the steriods are seen.

Frequency of Doses
While propionate is the faster-acting steriod, the downside to this is that it wears off faster than the slower-reacting cypionate. This results in the requirement to take propionate more often to achieve the same effects. For example, propionate injections are completed once every three days. Cypionate injections are required only on a weekly basis.

Ester Formula
The ester added to the testosterone molecule to make it more soluble in oil is different for cypionate and propionate. Cypionate ester is OCOCH2CH2, which makes it the longest ester chain available. By comparison, propionate is the shortest ester available, with only three carbon molecules in a chain. These different ester chains are the reason why the propionate reacts faster and must be taken more often than cypionate.

Both steriods are administered through an injection but propionate injections are much more painful than those of cypionate. This again is in relation to propionate’s short ester chain. The shorter the ester chain, the more painful the injection. Muscles around the injection site can become swollen and very painful. Propionate injects also tend to be in lower dosages than cypionate because increasing the dosage also increases the pain of the injection.

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Aromasin vs Arimidex – Which to Use On-Cycle?

Aromasin vs Arimidex

When using anabolic steroids to add bulk, to improve your performance, or even to maintain muscle mass while you melt away unwanted fat, it is vital to understand how that steroid works and whether it converts to estrogen in your body. The vast majority of steroids do require treatment with an aromatase inhibitor like Aromasin or Arimidex. Here, we will look at Aromasin vs Arimidex and which is the better choice during a steroid cycle.

What Is an Aromatase Inhibitor?
When looking at Aromasin vs Arimidex, it’s important to remember that both compounds are aromatase inhibitors. In the bodybuilding and athletic circles, they’re often called anti-estrogens. Both products work by blocking an enzyme known as aromatase that converts excess free testosterone (and testosterone-derived steroids) into estrogen.
When using steroids, some of them will aromatize thanks to the presence of that enzyme. While some estrogen is healthy and even required, even in men, too much can cause unwanted side effects like bloating, mood swings, and even gynecomastia. Aromasin and Arimidex are vital parts of your steroid cycles because they stop aromatization. Best Steroids for strength

Things to Consider Aromasin vs Arimidex
When looking at Aromasin vs Arimidex on-cycle, there are a few factors to keep in mind. Of these, one of the most important for bodybuilders and athletes is availability. In some cases, it is much simpler to find one product over the other, making it more convenient. What’s more, you will also need to consider things like the overall price and what kinds of side effects the compound can produce. Some drugs can worsen your lipid profile or cause unwanted effects, and others may not be cost-effective.

Aromasin vs. Arimidex
Of course, while all of the above are important considerations, you should also be concerned with the action of the anti-estrogen you choose. In short, how well does it work, and will it prevent the buildup of estrogen and irreversible side effects like gynecomastia?
Fortunately, this is where the Aromasin vs Arimidex debate ends – both are equally capable of preventing estrogenic side effects. With that in mind, your decision will come down to research and what you have available.

All About Aromasin
Aromasin is the brand name given to a drug called exemestane, and it was first developed to treat breast cancer in women. Some certain types of cancers grow more quickly when exposed to a healthy supply of estrogen, so by blocking the creation of estrogen in the first place, it is possible to slow the growth of cancerous breast cancer tumors, making treatments like chemotherapy and radiation more successful in the long run.

Aromasin Benefits                         
Aromasin is a better choice among men who may be concerned about their lipid profiles. Many anabolic steroids come with high cholesterol warnings, so many men are very particular about the supplements they use alongside those steroids. Aromasin is a better option when it comes to managing cholesterol and keeping lipid profiles in check.
Aromasin is a suicidal inhibitor. This means that once it bonds to the molecules of the aromatase enzyme, it doesn’t break free. It remains attached for the entire lifecycle of the enzyme. This means there’s less estrogen rebound. Remember, though, that you need some estrogen in your body, and just as steroids can shut down your body’s natural testosterone production, Aromasin can shut down your body’s estrogen production through that suicidal inhibition.

Aromasin Downfalls
When examining Arimidex vs. Aromasin, most people agree that Aromasin is the better choice. However, this makes it the costlier choice, especially on the street. Aromasin may cost anywhere from two to three times as much as Arimidex, even though both accomplish the same goals.
Some men have reported that Aromasin has caused “shedding”. This term refers to unwanted hair loss, including hair on the head and hair on the body.    Aromasin can cause side effects that mimic those experienced by menopausal women, even in men. This may include things like hot flashes, mood swings, and more.
It takes up to a week for Aromasin to truly start blocking aromatase.

All About Arimidex
Arimidex, on the other hand, is the brand name given to an anti-estrogen compound called anastrozole. Like Aromasin, it was originally developed to help in the fight against breast cancer by reducing estrogen, thereby slowing or even reversing the growth of cancerous tumors. Over time, it also became popular among bodybuilders and athletes interested in protecting themselves against the unwanted side effects associated with anabolic steroids. Best Steroids for strength

Arimidex Benefits
Arimidex is much more affordable than Aromasin, and in some places, it costs half to a third the price of its more expensive counterpart.
Arimidex is widely available online and on the street, making it far more attainable than Aromasin.
Unlike Aromasin, reports of hair loss while using Arimidex to prevent or counteract estrogenic side effects are very rare.
The side effects associated with Arimidex vs. Aromasin are roughly the same, but most men agree that Arimidex is far more tolerable.
Arimidex goes to work in the first couple of days rather than taking a week or more to fully protect against estrogenic side effects.

Arimidex Downfalls
Though it is easier to find, Arimidex may further worsen lipid profiles. When considering Aromasin vs Arimidex, be sure to consider your personal health. If you have high cholesterol, or if you are using a steroid known to cause high cholesterol, then consider taking Aromasin, instead.
While Arimidex does go to work more quickly, it is less forgiving. Men must be diligent about their dosing, taking it at least every other day, in order to fully protect themselves. Missing even one dose could lead to unwanted sides.

In the great debate over Aromasin vs Arimidex, the truth is that either one will get the job done. Each one of these compounds has its own unique set of benefits and downfalls, and it is up to the individual user to decide what’s right for his or her needs. Remember, too, that genetics can play a role in your body’s response, so what works for most people may not work for you.

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What is clenbuterol?

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Clenbuterol hydrochloride is an anti-asthma medication that belongs to a broad group of drugs knows as sympathomimetics. These drugs affect that sympathetic nervous system in a wide number of ways, largely mediated by the distribution of adrenoceptors. There are actually nine different types of these receptors in the body, which are classified as either alpha or beta and further subcategorized by type number. Depending on the specific affinities of these agents for the various receptors, they can potentially be used in the treatment of conditions such as asthma, hypertension, cardiovascular shock, arrhythmias, migraine headaches, and anaphylactic shock.

In animal studies clenbuterol hydrochloride is shown to exhibit anabolic activity, obviously an attractive trait to a bodybuilder or athlete. This compound is additionally a known thermogenic, with beta-2 agonists like clenbuterol hydrochloride shown to directly stimulate fat cells and accelerate the breakdown of triglycerides to form free fatty acids. Its efficacy in this area makes clenbuterol hydrochloride a very popular fat loss drug among the bodybuilding community. Those interested in this drug are often hoping it will produce a little of both benefits, promoting the loss of body fat while imparting increases in strength and muscle mass. But as was well pointed out by a review published in the August 1995 issue of Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, the possible anabolic results in humans are very questionable, and based only on animal data using much larger doses than would be required for bronchodilation. With such reports there has been a lot of debate as to whether or not clenbuterol hydrochloride is really anabolic in humans at all. Some seem to swear by the fact that it builds muscle, and use clenbuterol hydrochloride regularly as an off-season or adjunct anabolic. To others, the MSSE report is confirmation that athletes have wasted valuable time and money on drugs that do not build muscle. The debate over clenbuterol hydrochloride’s potential anabolic activity continues today.

 When used for the management of asthma, the most common clinical dose for adults is 20 mcg (1 tablet) twice per day. Some patients require up to 40 mcg (2 tablets) twice per day. When using the drug (off-label) for physique- or performance-enhancing purposes, bodybuilders and athletes generally tailor their dosage and cycling of this product based on personal sensitivity to its benefits and side effects. To accomplish this, one often begins a cycle by taking one or two tablets per day, and gradually increasing the dosage every third day by one half to 1 tablet until a desired dosage range is established. At peak therapy some users can tolerate as many as 6-8 tablets per day (120-160 mcg). Given the potency and potential for serious side effects, however, any dosage outside of the normal therapeutic range should be approached with an even greater level of caution.
 The drug will usually elevate the body temperature shortly after therapy is initiated. The rise in temperature is commonly .5 to 1 degree, sometimes a little more. This elevation is due to one’s body burning excess energy (largely from fat), and is usually not uncomfortable. The number of consecutive days clenbuterol hydrochloride is now used is usually dependent on the response of the individual. To be clear, the athletic benefits of this drug will only last for a limited time and then diminish, largely due to beta-receptor down regulation. By most accounts clenbuterol hydrochloride seems to work well for approximately 4 to 6 weeks. During this period, users generally monitor their body temperature on a regular basis. We are given some level of assurance that clenbuterol hydrochloride is working by the temperature elevation. Once the temperature drops back to normal, receptor down regulation has probably diminished the efficacy of the drug. At this point increasing the dosage is usually not regarded as effective, and instead clenbuterol hydrochloride is discontinued for a period of no less than 4-6 weeks.
 Many bodybuilding competitors enhance the fat burning effect of clenbuterol hydrochloride with the use of additional substances. Many have commented that when the drug is combined with thyroid hormones, specifically the powerful Cytomel®, the thermogenic effect can become extremely dramatic. Such a mix is often further used during a steroid cycle, helping the individual elicit a much more toned physique from the drugs. A clenbuterol/thyroid mix is also common when using growth hormone, which is believed to enhance the thermogenic and anabolic effect of HGH therapy. Lastly, ketotifen has also been a popular adjunct to clenbuterol hydrochloride, which is an antihistamine that upregulates beta-2 receptor density. It seems capable of not only increasing the potency of each dose of clenbuterol hydrochloride (allowing the user to take less clenbuterol), but also of perhaps even slowing receptor down regulation (see the Ketotifen profile for a more comprehensive discussion).

Llewellyn, William. Anabolics

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What is hCG(Pregnyl) used for?

What is hCG(Pregnyl) used for?

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) is a prescription medication containing chorionic gonadotropin obtained from a natural (human) origin. Chorionic gonadotropin is a polypeptide hormone normally found in the female body during the early months of pregnancy. It is synthesized in syncytiotrophoblast cells of the placenta, and is responsible for increasing the production of progesterone, a pregnancy-sustaining hormone. Chorionic gonadotropin is present in significant amounts only during pregnancy, and is used as an indicator of pregnancy by standard over-the-counter pregnancy test kits. Blood levels of chorionic gonadotropin become noticeable as early as seven days after ovulation, and rise evenly to a peak at approximately two to three months into gestation. After this point, the hormone level will drop gradually until the point of birth.
 Although it possesses minor FSH-like (Follicle Stimulating Hormone) activity, the physiological actions of chorionic gonadotropin mainly mimic those of the gonadotropin luteinizing hormone (LH). As a clinical drug, hCG is used as an exogenous form of LH. It is typically applied to support ovulation and pregnancy in women, most specifically those suffering from infertility due to low concentrations of gonadotropins and an inability to ovulate. Due to the ability of LH to stimulate the Leydig’s cells in the testes to manufacture testosterone, hCG is also used with men to treat hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, a disorder characterized by low testosterone levels and insufficient LH output. The drug is also used in the treatment of prepubertal cryptochidism, a condition in which one or both of the testicles have failed to descend into the scrotum. HCG is used by male athletes for its ability to increase endogenous testosterone production, generally during, or at the conclusion of, a steroid cycle, when natural hormone production has been interrupted.

Administration (Men):
 When used to treat hypogonadotropin hypogonadism, current FDA-approved protocols recommend either a short 6-week program, or a long-term program lasting up to 1 year, depending on the individual needs of the patient. Prescribing guidelines for short-term use recommend that 500 to 1,000 units to be given 3 times a week for 3 weeks, followed by the same dose twice a week for 3 weeks. The long-term recommendations call for 4,000 units to be administered 3 times weekly for 6 to 9 months, after which point the dosage is reduced to 2,000 units 3 times weekly for an additional 3 months. Bodybuilders and athletes use hCG either on cycle, in an effort to maintain testicular integrity during steroid administration, or after a cycle, to help restore hormonal homeostasis more quickly. Both types of use are deemed effective when properly applied.
 Human Chorionic gonadotropin is often used with other medications as part of an in-depth Post Cycle Therapy (PCT) program focused on restoring endogenous testosterone production more rapidly at the end of a steroid cycle. Restoring endogenous testosterone production is a special concern at the conclusion of each cycle, a time when subnormal androgen levels (due to steroid induced suppression) could be very costly to the physique.The main concern is the action of cortisol, which in many ways is balanced out by the effect of androgens. Cortisol sends the opposite message to the muscles than testosterone, or to breakdown protein in the cell. Left unchecked by a low level of testosterone, cortisol can quickly strip much of your new muscle mass away. Protocols for the post-cycle use of hCG generally call for the administration of 2000-3000 Units every 2nd or 3rd day, taken for no longer than 2 or 3 weeks. If used for too long or at too high a dose, the drug may actually function to desensitize the Leydig’s cells to luteinizing hormone, further hindering a return to homeostasis. For a more comprehensive view of hCG’s role in a proper hormonal- recovery program, please refer to the Post Cycle Therapy section of this book.
 Bodybuilders and athletes may also administer Human Chorionic Gonadotropin throughout a steroid cycle, in an effort to avoid testicular atrophy and the resulting reduced ability to respond to LH stimulus. In effect, this practice is used to avoid the problem of testicular atrophy, instead of trying to correct it later on when the cycle is over. It is important to remember that the dosage needs to be carefully monitored with this type of use, as high levels of hCG may cause increased testicular aromatase expression (raising estrogen levels),771 and also desensitize the testes to LH.772 As such, the drug may actually induce primary hypogonadism when misused, greatly prolonging, not improving, the recovery window. Current protocols for the use of hCG in this manner involve administering 250 IU subcutaneously every 3rd or 4th day throughout the length of the steroid cycle. Higher doses may be necessary for some individuals, but st no point should exceed 500 IU per injection.
 These on-cycle hCG protocols were developed by Dr. John Crisler, a well-known figure in the anti-aging and hormone-replacement field, for use with his testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) patients. Although TRT is often administered on a long-term basis, testicular atrophy is a common cosmetic complaint of patients irrespective of the maintenance of normal androgen levels. Dr. Crisler’s hCG program is designed to alleviate this concern in a manner that is acceptable for longer-term use. For those interested in precisely timing their hCG shots in relation to a prescribed testosterone replacement program, Dr. Crisler recommends the following in his paper,“An Update to the Crisler hCG Protocol,” “…my test cyp TRT patients now take their hCG at 250IU two days before, as well as the day immediately previous to, their IM shot. All administer their hCG subcutaneously,and dosage may be adjusted as necessary (I have yet to see more than 350IU per dose required)… Those TRT patients who prefer a transdermal testosterone, or even testosterone pellets (although I am not in favor of same), take their hCG every third day.”

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Llewellyn, William. Anabolics


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What is Proviron?

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Proviron is Schering’s (now Bayer’s) brand name for the oral androgen mesterolone (1-methyl dihydrotestosterone). Similar to dihydrotestosterone, mesterolone is a strong androgen with only a weak level of anabolic activity. This is due to the fact that like dihydrotestosterone, mesterolone is rapidly reduced to inactive diol metabolites in muscle tissue where concentrations of the 3-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase enzyme are high. The belief that the weak anabolic nature of this compound indicates a tendency to block the androgen receptor in muscle tissue, thereby reducing the gains of other more potent muscle-building steroids, should likewise not be taken seriously. In fact, due to its extremely high affinity for plasma binding proteins such as SHBG, mesterolone may actually work to potentate the activity of other steroids by displacing a higher percentage into a free, unbound state. Among athletes, mesterolone is primarily used to increase androgen levels when dieting or preparing for a contest, and as an anti-estrogen due to its intrinsic ability to antagonize the aromatase enzyme.

Administration (Men):
 To treat androgen insufficiency, mesterolone is usually given in a dose of 1 tablet (25 mg) three times per day at the initiation of therapy. The drug is later continued at a lower maintenance dose, which usually consists of taking 1 tablet (25 mg) one to two times per day. Similar doses are used to support male fertility, usually in conjunction with other fertility drugs like injectable FSH. The usual dosage among male athletes is between 50 mg and 150 mg of mesterolone per day, or two to six 25 mg tablets. The drug is typically taken in cycles of 6-12 weeks in length, which is usually a sufficient period of time to notice the benefits of drug therapy.
 Many bodybuilders favor the use of mesterolone during dieting phases or contest preparation, when low estrogen and high androgen levels are particularly desirable. This is especially beneficial when anabolics like Winstrol®, Anavar, or Primobolan® are being used alone, as the androgenic content of these drugs is relatively low. Mesterolone can be effectively used here to adjust the androgen to estrogen ratio upwards, bringing about an increase in the hardness and density of the muscles, supporting libido and general sense of well being, and increasing the tendency to burn body fat. It is also commonly used (at a similar dosage) to prevent gynecomastia when other aromatizable steroids are being administered, often in conjunction with 10-20 mg per day of Nolvadex.

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Llewellyn, William. Anabolics

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What is Primobolan Depot?

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Primobolan Depot is an injectable version of the steroid methenolone. This is the same constituent in Primobolan orals (methenolone acetate), although here an enanthate ester is used to slow the steroid’s release from a site of injection. Methenolone enanthate offers a similar pattern of steroid release as testosterone enanthate, with blood hormone levels remaining markedly elevated for approximately 2 weeks. Methenolone itself is a moderately strong anabolic steroid with very low androgenic properties. Its anabolic effect is considered to be slightly less than Deca-Durabolin (nandrolone decanoate) on a milligram for milligram basis. Methenolone enanthate is most commonly used during cutting cycles, when lean mass gain, not a raw mass increase, is the main objective.

Methenolone is a derivative of dihydrotestosterone. Methenolone is not aromatized by the body and is not measurably estrogenic. Estrogen-linked side effects should not be seen when administering this steroid. Sensitive individuals need not worry about developing gynecomastia, nor should they be noticing any appreciable water retention with this drug. The increase seen with methenolone should be quality muscle mass, not the smooth bulk that often accompanies steroids open to aromatization. During a cycle, the user should additionally not notice strong elevations in blood pressure, as this effect is also related (generally) to estrogen and water retention.

Administration (Men):
 The prescribing guidelines for Primobolan Depot recommend a maximum dosage of 200 mg at the onset of therapy, and a continuing dosage of 100 mg every week. Prolonged administration protocols generally call for a 100 mg dosage every 1-2 weeks, or 200 mg every 2-3 weeks. The usual administration protocols among male athletes call for a 200-400 mg per week dosage, which is taken for 6 to 12 weeks, which is sufficient to promote very noticeable increases in lean muscle tissue. It is, however, not unusual to see the drug taken in doses as high as 600 mg per week or more, although such amounts are likely to highlight a more androgenic side of methenolone, as well as exacerbate its negative effects on serum lipids.
 Methenolone enanthate is often stacked with other (typically stronger) steroids in order to obtain a faster and more enhanced effect. During a dieting or cutting phase, a non-aromatizing androgen like Halotestin or trenbolone can be added. The stronger androgenic component here should help to bring about an added density and hardness to the muscles. On the other hand, one might add another mild anabolic steroid such as stanozolol. The result of such a combination should again be a notable increase in muscle mass and hardness, which still should not be accompanied by greatly increased side effects. Methenolone enanthate is also used effectively during bulking phases of training. In such a scenario, the addition of testosterone or boldenone would prove quite effective for adding new muscle mass without presenting any notable hepatotoxicity to the user.

Administration (Women):
 The prescribing guidelines for Primobolan Depot do not offer separate dosing recommendations for women, although it was indicated that women who were pregnant, or may become pregnant, should not use the drug. Female athletes generally respond well to a dosage of 50-100 mg per week. If both oral and injectable versions are available, the oral is often given preference, as it allows for greater control over blood hormone levels. Additionally, some women choose to include Winstrol Depot (25 mg twice per week) or Oxandrolone (7.5-10 mg daily), and with it receive a greatly enhanced anabolic effect. Androgenic activity can be a concern with such dosing, however, and should be monitored closely. If stacking, it would be best to use a much lower starting dosage for each drug than if they were to be used alone. This is especially good advice if you are unfamiliar with the effect such a combination may have on you. A popular recommendation would also be to first experiment by stacking with oral Primobolan, and later venture into the injectable if this is still necessary.

Llewellyn, William. Anabolics

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Methenolone Enanthate (Primobolan Depot)